Assessing risk of recidivism among juvenile offenders: the development and validation of the recidivism risk instrument.

J Evid Based Soc Work 2014 ;11(4):318-27

a School of Social Work, Arizona State University , Tucson , Arizona , USA.

A recidivism risk instrument was developed and validated on a sample of juvenile offenders (N = 1,987) based on the need to classify juveniles by their likelihood of re-offense. Female recidivism (R(2) = 27%) was predicted by younger age at first expulsion from school, history of parent incarceration, gang involvement, felony class offense, and firearm use. Male recidivism (R(2) = 12%) was predicted by younger age at first adjudication, referrals, school suspensions, history of maternal incarceration, firearm use, running away, gang involvement, and destroying property/stealing. Cross-validation analyses indicated that high-risk offenders recidivated at more than five times the rate of low-risk offenders.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2014.897100DOI Listing
January 2017

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