Regulatory B cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).

Authors:
Avijit Ray, PhD
Avijit Ray, PhD
AbbVie
Senior Scientist II
Immunology, Immuno-oncology, Autoimmunity and Inflammation, Immune tolerance
North Chicago, IL | United States
Sreemanti Basu
Sreemanti Basu
Blood Research Institute
United States

Methods Mol Biol 2014 ;1190:243-55

BloodCenter of Wisconsin, Blood Research Institute, 2178, Milwaukee, WI, 53201-2178, USA,

B cells are thought to play a pathogenic role in multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system (CNS). This idea is supported by the reduction of disease in MS patients undergoing antibody-mediated B cell depletion therapy. In contrast, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of MS, B cells have been shown to play a regulatory role. This is suggestive of a dual role for B cells in CNS autoimmunity. It is possible that a critical balance between the pathogenic and regulatory populations of B cells might be involved in the manifestation of the disease. Although in mice, different B cell subsets have been shown to exert immunoregulation through varied mechanisms, the phenotype of regulatory B cells in humans and factors affecting their function are not well known. Also, the origin and development of regulatory B cells is not known. It is important to thoroughly identify the different populations of B cells that might be involved in suppressing CNS autoimmunity, their mode of function and factors that regulate their immunosuppressive properties for using regulatory B cells as a therapy for MS. Here we present methods to study the phenotype and mechanisms of immune suppression by B cells in different mouse models of EAE.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1161-5_17DOI Listing

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February 2015
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