Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein and its binding partners in the cartilage extracellular matrix: interaction, regulation and role in chondrogenesis.

Authors:
Chitrangada Acharya
Chitrangada Acharya
Indian Institute of Technology
Chicago | United States
Ashleen Kishore
Ashleen Kishore
Lawrence J. Ellison Musculoskeletal Research Center
Sacramento | United States
Prof. Dominik R Haudenschild, Ph.D.
Prof. Dominik R Haudenschild, Ph.D.
University of California Davis Medical Center
Professor
Arthritis Research
Sacramento, CA | United States

Matrix Biol 2014 Jul 2;37:102-11. Epub 2014 Jul 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lawrence J. Ellison Musculoskeletal Research Center, University of California at Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA 95817, USA.

Thrombospondins (TSPs) are widely known as a family of five calcium-binding matricellular proteins. While these proteins belong to the same family, they are encoded by different genes, regulate different cellular functions and are localized to specific regions of the body. TSP-5 or Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein (COMP) is the only TSP that has been associated with skeletal disorders in humans, including pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) and multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED). The pentameric structure of COMP, the evidence that it interacts with multiple cellular proteins, and the recent reports of COMP acting as a 'lattice' to present growth factors to cells, inspired this review of COMP and its interacting partners. In our review, we have compiled the interactions of COMP with other proteins in the cartilage extracellular matrix and summarized their importance in maintaining the structural integrity of cartilage as well as in regulating cellular functions.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matbio.2014.06.001DOI Listing

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July 2014
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