Cardiol Young 2015 Feb 16;25(2):218-21. Epub 2014 Jun 16.
1Department of Cardiovascular Diseases,King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center Gen. Org. Jeddah,Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: The term cor triatriatum is used to describe a fibromuscular partition that divides an atrium into two compartments. It was first used by Borst in 1905, although the lesion had been described before by Church in 1868. Both described divided left atrial chamber (also referred to as cor triatriatum sinister). The incidence of the divided left atrial chamber among patients with congenital heart disease is reported at 0.1% and 0.4% in an autopsy study. Divided right atrial chamber - also referred to as cor triatriatum dexter - is even rarer to an extent that there is no reported incidence and only few hundred cases have been reported so far. A search through pubMed library revealed only 90 publications on humans, either under the term "dexter" or "dextrum". We would like to report a new association of bilateral divided atrial chambers and pulmonary vein stenosis, with a review of the literature.