Dermatol Clin 2014 Jul 5;32(3):267-75, vii. Epub 2014 May 5.
Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Health System, Henry Ford Hospital, 3031 West Grand Boulevard, Suite 800, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. Electronic address:
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Dermatol Ther 2003 ;16(1):1-7
Department of Dermatology, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202, USA.
Photodermatoses can be classified into five general categories: 1) idiopathic photodermatoses, including polymorphic light eruption (PMLE), actinic prurigo, hyroa vacciniforme, chronic actinic dermatitis, and solar urticaria; 2) photodermatoses which are secondary to exogenous agents, including phototoxic and photoallergic reactions; 3) photodermatoses secondary to endogenous agents, mainly the porphyrias; 4) photoexacerbated dermatoses, including autoimmune disease, infectious conditions, and nutritional deficiencies; and 5) genodermatoses. The initial step in evaluating a photosensitive patient is based on a directed personal and family history. The morphology of the eruption, phototests, and in some patients, photopatch tests are essential in focusing the diagnosis. Read More
Dermatol Nurs 2002 Feb;14(1):23-4, 27-30
Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA.
Evaluation of patients with photosensitivity includes a detailed history, physical examination, phototests, photopatch tests, and other laboratory tests as appropriate. The epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of the more common idiopathic photodermatoses, namely, polymorphous light eruption, chronic actinic dermatitis, and solar urticaria will be reviewed. A brief overview of phototoxicity, photoallergy, and photoprotection is discussed with further elaboration upon the principles of phototherapy and its utility in treating idiopathic photodermatoses. Read More
Clin Exp Dermatol 1996 Jul;21(4):263-8
National Skin Centre, Singapore.
The inducing or exacerbating effect of sunlight on skin diseases is often not appreciated in tropical countries, perhaps because of the perennial presence of sunlight, and a retrospective review of photodermatoses seen in a referral skin clinic was therefore carried out. The photodermatoses seen were secondary photoaggravation of primary skin diseases (32.2%), systemic drug photosensitivity (11. Read More
J Dermatolog Treat 2002 Dec;13(4):157-60
Department of Dermatology, Photodermatology Unit, University Hospital, Leuven, Belgium.
Phototherapy and photochemotherapy (PUVA therapy) have revolutionized the treatment of many photodermatoses and can offer photosensitive patients an improved quality of life. This is especially the case for polymorphic light eruption, chronic actinic dermatitis, erythropoietic protoporphyria and solar urticaria. Read More