Endocrinology 2014 Aug 30;155(8):3079-87. Epub 2014 May 30.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (H.F., O.W.-H., M.H., A.Sa., A.Sh., Y.M., W.I., K.Ko., K.O., K.Ka. Y.O., T.F.) and the University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan; Department of Physiological Chemistry and Metabolism (Y.K., W.I., H.K.), Graduate School of Medicine, the University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (H.O., T.Y.), National Center for Global Health and Medicine, 1-21-1 Toyama, Shinjyuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8655, Japan.
SIRT3 is a member of the sirtuin family and has recently emerged as a vital molecule in controlling the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in oocytes. Appropriate levels of ROS play pivotal roles in human reproductive medicine. The aim of the present study was to investigate SIRT3 expression and analyze the SIRT3-mediated oxidative response in human luteinized granulosa cells (GCs). Human ovarian tissues were subjected to immunohistochemical analysis to localize SIRT3 expression. Hydrogen peroxide and human chorionic gonadotropin were used to analyze the relationship between ROS and SIRT3 by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting. Intracellular levels of ROS were investigated by fluorescence after small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of SIRT3 in human GCs. To uncover the role of SIRT3 in folliculogenesis and luteinization, mRNA levels of related genes and the progesterone concentration were analyzed by quantitative RT-PCR and immunoassays, respectively. We detected the expression of SIRT3 in the GCs of the human ovary. The mRNA levels of SIRT3, catalase, and superoxide dismutase 1 were up-regulated by hydrogen peroxide in both COV434 cells and human GCs and down-regulated by human chorionic gonadotropin. Knockdown of SIRT3 markedly elevated ROS generation in human GCs. In addition, SIRT3 depletion resulted in decreased mRNA expression of aromatase, 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1, steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in GCs and thus resulted in decreased progesterone secretion. These results have the important clinical implication that SIRT3 might play a positive role in the folliculogenesis and luteinization processes in GCs, possibly by sensing and regulating the generation of ROS. Activation of SIRT3 function might help to sustain human reproduction by maintaining GCs as well as oocytes.
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