A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.

Authors:
Josephine Purps Sabine Siegert Sascha Willuweit Marion Nagy Cíntia Alves Renato Salazar Sheila M T Angustia Lorna H Santos Katja Anslinger Birgit Bayer Qasim Ayub Wei Wei Yali Xue Chris Tyler-Smith Miriam Baeta Bafalluy Begoña Martínez-Jarreta Balazs Egyed Beate Balitzki Sibylle Tschumi David Ballard Denise Syndercombe Court Xinia Barrantes Gerhard Bäßler Tina Wiest Burkhard Berger Harald Niederstätter Walther Parson Carey Davis Bruce Budowle Helen Burri Urs Borer Christoph Koller Elizeu F Carvalho Patricia M Domingues Wafaa Takash Chamoun Michael D Coble Carolyn R Hill Daniel Corach Mariela Caputo Maria E D'Amato Sean Davison Ronny Decorte Maarten H D Larmuseau Claudio Ottoni Olga Rickards Di Lu Chengtao Jiang Tadeusz Dobosz Anna Jonkisz William E Frank Ivana Furac Christian Gehrig Vincent Castella Branka Grskovic Cordula Haas Jana Wobst Gavrilo Hadzic Katja Drobnic Katsuya Honda Yiping Hou Di Zhou Yan Li Shengping Hu Shenglan Chen Uta-Dorothee Immel Rüdiger Lessig Zlatko Jakovski Tanja Ilievska Anja E Klann Cristina Cano García Peter de Knijff Thirsa Kraaijenbrink Aikaterini Kondili Penelope Miniati Maria Vouropoulou Lejla Kovacevic Damir Marjanovic Iris Lindner Issam Mansour Mouayyad Al-Azem Ansar El Andari Miguel Marino Sandra Furfuro Laura Locarno Pablo Martín Gracia M Luque Antonio Alonso Luís Souto Miranda Helena Moreira Natsuko Mizuno Yasuki Iwashima Rodrigo S Moura Neto Tatiana L S Nogueira Rosane Silva Marina Nastainczyk-Wulf Jeanett Edelmann Michael Kohl Shengjie Nie Xianping Wang Baowen Cheng Carolina Núñez Marian Martínez de Pancorbo Jill K Olofsson Niels Morling Valerio Onofri Adriano Tagliabracci Horolma Pamjav Antonia Volgyi Gusztav Barany Ryszard Pawlowski Agnieszka Maciejewska Susi Pelotti Witold Pepinski Monica Abreu-Glowacka Christopher Phillips Jorge Cárdenas Danel Rey-Gonzalez Antonio Salas Francesca Brisighelli Cristian Capelli Ulises Toscanini Andrea Piccinini Marilidia Piglionica Stefania L Baldassarra Rafal Ploski Magdalena Konarzewska Emila Jastrzebska Carlo Robino Antti Sajantila Jukka U Palo Evelyn Guevara Jazelyn Salvador Maria Corazon De Ungria Jae Joseph Russell Rodriguez Ulrike Schmidt Nicola Schlauderer Pekka Saukko Peter M Schneider Miriam Sirker Kyoung-Jin Shin Yu Na Oh Iulia Skitsa Alexandra Ampati Tobi-Gail Smith Lina Solis de Calvit Vlastimil Stenzl Thomas Capal Andreas Tillmar Helena Nilsson Stefania Turrina Domenico De Leo Andrea Verzeletti Venusia Cortellini Jon H Wetton Gareth M Gwynne Mark A Jobling Martin R Whittle Denilce R Sumita Paulina Wolańska-Nowak Rita Y Y Yong Michael Krawczak Michael Nothnagel Lutz Roewer

Forensic Sci Int Genet 2014 Sep 28;12:12-23. Epub 2014 Apr 28.

Department of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Charité-Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

In a worldwide collaborative effort, 19,630 Y-chromosomes were sampled from 129 different populations in 51 countries. These chromosomes were typed for 23 short-tandem repeat (STR) loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385ab, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, GATAH4, DYS481, DYS533, DYS549, DYS570, DYS576, and DYS643) and using the PowerPlex Y23 System (PPY23, Promega Corporation, Madison, WI). Locus-specific allelic spectra of these markers were determined and a consistently high level of allelic diversity was observed. A considerable number of null, duplicate and off-ladder alleles were revealed. Standard single-locus and haplotype-based parameters were calculated and compared between subsets of Y-STR markers established for forensic casework. The PPY23 marker set provides substantially stronger discriminatory power than other available kits but at the same time reveals the same general patterns of population structure as other marker sets. A strong correlation was observed between the number of Y-STRs included in a marker set and some of the forensic parameters under study. Interestingly a weak but consistent trend toward smaller genetic distances resulting from larger numbers of markers became apparent.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2014.04.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4127773PMC
September 2014
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