Oligohydramnios in a pregnant Pakistani woman with Plasmodium vivax malaria.

Malar J 2014 Apr 23;13:156. Epub 2014 Apr 23.

Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, San Matteo Hospital Foundation, University of Pavia, 19, V, le Golgi, Pavia 27100, Italy.

In the Western world, the diagnosis and management of Plasmodium vivax malaria in pregnant women can be challenging, and the pathogenesis of adverse outcomes for both the mother and the foetus is still poorly known. The authors describe the case of a 29-year-old Pakistani woman at the 29th week of her second pregnancy, who was admitted to the Hospital following the abrupt onset of fever. At the time of admission, she had been living in Italy without travelling to any malaria-endemic areas for eight months. She was diagnosed with vivax malaria after a thin blood smear revealed the presence of plasmodial trophozoites and gametocytes and treated accordingly. Due to the onset of oligohydramnios, she underwent caesarian section at the 31st week of pregnancy with no further complications. Histological examination of the placenta showed no evidence of plasmodial infection, but was inconclusive. It is unclear whether oligohydramnios is a complication of pregnancy-related Plasmodium vivax malaria. Given the long latency of hypnozoites, every febrile pregnant patient with a previous stay in an endemic area should be screened for malaria with a thick and a thin blood smear.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-13-156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4003489PMC
April 2014
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