Endocrinology 2014 May 6;155(5):1690-9. Epub 2014 Mar 6.
Physiology and Behavior Laboratory, Institute of Food, Nutrition, and Health, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH Zurich), 8603 Schwerzenbach, Switzerland.
To address the neural mediation of the eating-inhibitory effect of circulating glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), we investigated the effects of 1) intra-fourth ventricular infusion of the GLP-1 receptor antagonist exendin-9 or 2) area postrema lesion on the eating-inhibitory effect of intrameal hepatic portal vein (HPV) GLP-1 infusion in adult male rats. To evaluate the physiological relevance of the observed effect we examined 3) the influence of GLP-1 on flavor acceptance in a 2-bottle conditioned flavor avoidance test, and 4) measured active GLP-1 in the HPV and vena cava (VC) in relation to a meal and in the VC after HPV GLP-1 infusion. Intrameal HPV GLP-1 infusion (1 nmol/kg body weight-5 min) specifically reduced ongoing meal size by almost 40% (P < .05). Intra-fourth ventricular exendin-9 (10 μg/rat) itself did not affect eating, but attenuated (P < .05) the satiating effect of HPV GLP-1. Area postrema lesion also blocked (P < .05) the eating-inhibitory effect of HPV GLP-1. Pairing consumption of flavored saccharin solutions with HPV GLP-1 infusion did not alter flavor acceptance, indicating that HPV GLP-1 can inhibit eating without inducing malaise. A regular chow meal transiently increased (P < .05) HPV, but not VC, plasma active GLP-1 levels, whereas HPV GLP-1 infusion caused a transient supraphysiological increase (P < .01) in VC GLP-1 concentration 3 minutes after infusion onset. The results implicate hindbrain GLP-1 receptors and the area postrema in the eating-inhibitory effect of circulating GLP-1, but question the physiological relevance of the eating-inhibitory effect of iv infused GLP-1 under our conditions.