Department of Dermatology, University of Basle, Switzerland.
We report a patient with hyperkeratosis lenticularis perstans (HLP) manifesting as multiple reddish-brown hyperkeratotic papules on the lower extremities. Typical histologic features of HLP include hyperkeratosis, thinning or absence of the granular layer and a band-like infiltrate in the upper dermis underlying an atrophic epidermis. In order to determine the cellular composition of the infiltrate, skin biopsy specimens were studied immunohistochemically using a series of commercially available monoclonal antibodies. The dermal infiltrate consists predominantly of helper/inducer T cells (Leu-4+, Leu-3a+). Suppressor/cytotoxic T cells (Leu-2a+) were fewer at the periphery of the infiltrate. The majority of T cells were activated as they expressed HLA-DR-antigen. Large numbers of Leu-6+ Langerhans' cells were observed at the dermo-epidermal interface. Few natural killer cells (Leu-11b+) were noted within the dermal infiltrate. These findings support the hypothesis than an active cellular immune reaction involving the epidermis is of pathogenic importance for HLP.
Still can't find the full text of the article?
Sign up to send a request to the authors directly.