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    Resilience among patients across the cancer continuum: diverse perspectives.
    Clin J Oncol Nurs 2014 Feb;18(1):93-101
    School of Medicine at the Seattle Children's Hospital, at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington.
    Each phase of the cancer experience profoundly affects patients' lives. Much of the literature has focused on negative consequences of cancer; however, the study of resilience may enable providers to promote more positive psychosocial outcomes before, during, and after the cancer experience. The current review describes the ways in which elements of resilience have been defined and studied at each phase of the cancer continuum. Extensive literature searches were conducted to find studies assessing resilience during one or more stages of the adult cancer continuum. For all phases of the cancer continuum, resilience descriptions included preexisting or baseline characteristics, such as demographics and personal attributes (e.g., optimism, social support), mechanisms of adaptation, such as coping and medical experiences (e.g., positive provider communication), as well as psychosocial outcomes, such as growth and quality of life. Promoting resilience is a critical element of patient psychosocial care. Nurses may enable resilience by recognizing and promoting certain baseline characteristics and optimizing mechanisms of adaptation.

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    Strategies to promote coping and resilience in oncology and palliative care nurses caring for adult patients with malignancy: a comprehensive systematic review.
    JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2015 Jun 12;13(5):131-204. Epub 2015 Jun 12.
    Royal Perth Hospital.
    Background: Cancer care nursing is perceived as personally and professionally demanding. Developing effective coping skills and resilience has been associated with better health and wellbeing for nurses, work longevity and improved quality of patient care.

    Objectives: The objective of this systematic review was to identify personal and organizational strategies that promote coping and resilience in oncology and palliative care nurses caring for adult patients with malignancy. Read More
    Palliative care experiences of adult cancer patients from ethnocultural groups: a qualitative systematic review protocol.
    JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep 2015 Jan;13(1):99-111
    1 College of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, University of Manitoba, Canada2 Queen's University Joanna Briggs Collaboration for Patient Safety: a Collaborating Center of the Joanna Briggs Institute.
    Review Question/objective: The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on palliative care experiences of adult cancer patients from ethnocultural groups.More specifically, this systematic review seeks to answer the following questions:1. What are the palliative care experiences of adult cancer patients from diverse ethnocultural groups?2. Read More
    The nature of life-transforming changes among cancer survivors.
    Qual Health Res 2013 Sep 17;23(9):1155-67. Epub 2013 Jul 17.
    Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
    Some cancer survivors report positive subjective changes they describe as "life transforming." We used a grounded theory approach to identify the content, underlying process, and identifying characteristics of self-defined "life-transforming" changes (LTCs) reported by 9 cancer survivors. To actualize their hopes for improvement, participants used a self-guided process centered on pragmatic action: researching options, gaining experience, and frankly evaluating results. Read More
    Promoting resilience among parents and caregivers of children with cancer.
    J Palliat Med 2013 Jun 6;16(6):645-52. Epub 2013 May 6.
    Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington, USA.
    Background: Promoting resilience is an aspect of psychosocial care that affects patient and whole-family well-being. There is little consensus about how to define or promote resilience during and after pediatric cancer.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were (1) to review the resilience literature in pediatric cancer settings; (2) to qualitatively ascertain caregiver-reported perceptions of resilience; and (3) to develop an integrative model of fixed and mutable factors of resilience among family members of children with cancer, with the goal of enabling better study and promotion of resilience among pediatric cancer families. Read More