Ann Rheum Dis 2015 Mar 21;74(3):e19. Epub 2014 Jan 21.
Department of Rheumatology, DHU FIRE, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Bichat Hospital, Université Paris Diderot, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France Bichat Faculty of Medicine, INSERM U699, Université Paris Diderot, PRES Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
Objective: To evaluate the contribution of the SPP1 rs11439060 and rs9138 polymorphisms, previously reported as autoimmune risk variants, in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) genetic background according to anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) status of RA individuals.
Methods: We analysed a total of 11,715 RA cases and 26,493 controls from nine independent cohorts; all individuals were genotyped or had imputed genotypes for SPP1 rs11439060 and rs9138. The effect of the SPP1 rs11439060 and rs9138 risk-allele combination on osteopontin (OPN) expression in macrophages and OPN serum levels was investigated.
Results: We provide evidence for a distinct contribution of SPP1 to RA susceptibility according to ACPA status: the combination of ≥3 SPP1 rs11439060 and rs9138 common alleles was associated mainly with ACPA negativity (p=1.29×10(-5), ORACPA-negative 1.257 (1.135 to 1.394)) and less with ACPA positivity (p=0.0148, ORACPA-positive 1.072 (1.014 to 1.134)). The ORs between these subgroups (ie, ACPA-positive and ACPA-negative) significantly differed (p=7.33×10(-3)). Expression quantitative trait locus analysis revealed an association of the SPP1 risk-allele combination with decreased SPP1 expression in peripheral macrophages from 599 individuals. To corroborate these findings, we found an association of the SPP1 risk-allele combination and low serum level of secreted OPN (p=0.0157), as well as serum level of secreted OPN correlated positively with ACPA production (p=0.005; r=0.483).
Conclusions: We demonstrate a significant contribution of the combination of SPP1 rs11439060 and rs9138 frequent alleles to risk of RA, the magnitude of the association being greater in patients negative for ACPAs.