Strain-related physiological and behavioral effects of on three common planktonic copepods.

Mar Biol 2011 6;158(9):1965-1980. Epub 2011 May 6.

Departement of organismic and evolutionary biology, Harvard University, 16 Divinity Ave, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA.

Three strains of the chain-forming diatom , differing in their production of polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUA) and nutritional food components, were used in experiments on feeding, egg production, hatching success, pellet production, and behavior of three common planktonic copepods: , and The three different diatom strains (9B, 1G, and 7J) induced widely different effects on physiology, and the 9B strain induced different effects for the three copepods. In contrast, different strains induced no or small alterations in the distribution, swimming behavior, and turning frequency of the copepods. 22:6(n-3) fatty acid (DHA) and sterol content of the diet typically showed a positive effect on either egg production () or hatching success (), while other measured compounds (PUA, other long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids) of the algae had no obvious effects. Our results demonstrate that differences between strains of a given diatom species can generate effects on copepod physiology, which are as large as those induced by different algae species or groups. This emphasizes the need to identify the specific characteristics of local diatoms together with the interacting effects of different mineral, biochemical, and toxic compounds and their potential implications on different copepod species.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-011-1706-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3873027PMC
May 2011
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