Chickenpox and stroke in children: case studies and literature review.

Acta Paediatr 2014 Apr 1;103(4):e176-80. Epub 2014 Jan 1.

Department of Paediatrics, Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal.

Unlabelled: Postvaricella cerebral arteriopathy (PVCA) presents with acute haemiparesis and/or haemidistonia, caused by ischaemic lesions of internal capsule and/or basal ganglia, related to stenosis of proximal middle and/or anterior cerebral arteries. Anti-aggregant drugs are recommended to prevent thrombus expansion and recurrent stroke, but neurologic outcome is usually good regardless of the therapeutic approach.

Conclusion: Chickenpox should be considered in differential diagnosis of ischaemic stroke in healthy children who fit the clinical and radiological typical profile of PVCA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.12535DOI Listing
April 2014

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