Increased Nitric Oxide Production Prevents Airway Hyperresponsiveness in Caveolin-1 Deficient Mice Following Endotoxin Exposure.

J Allergy Ther 2012 Jan;Suppl 1(4)

Department of Cell Biology, Duke University Medical Center, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Caveolin-1, the hallmark protein of caveolae, is highly expressed within the lung in the epithelium, endothelium, and in immune cells. In addition to its classical roles in cholesterol metabolism and endocytosis, caveolin-1 has also been shown to be important in inflammatory signaling pathways. In particular, caveolin-1 is known to associate with the nitric oxide synthase enzymes, downregulating their activity. Endotoxins, which are are composed mainly of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), are found ubiquitously in the environment and can lead to the development of airway inflammation and increased airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR).

Methods: We compared the acute responses of wild-type and caveolin-1 deficient mice after LPS aerosol, a well-accepted mode of endotoxin exposure, to investigate the role of caveolin-1 in the development of environmental lung injury.

Results: Although the caveolin-1 deficient mice had greater lung inflammatory indices compared to wild-type mice, they exhibited reduced AHR following LPS exposure. The uncoupling of inflammation and AHR led us to investigate the role of caveolin-1 in the production of nitric oxide, which is known to act as a bronchodilator. The absence of caveolin-1 resulted in increased nitrite levels in the lavage fluid in both sham and LPS treated mice. Additionally, inducible nitric oxide synthase expression was increased in the lung tissue of caveolin-1 deficient mice following LPS exposure and administration of the potent and specific inhibitor 1400W increased AHR to levels comparable to wild-type mice.

Conclusions: We attribute the relative airway hyporesponsiveness in the caveolin-1 deficient mice after LPS exposure to the specific role of caveolin-1 in mediating nitric oxide production.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2155-6121.S1-004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3836011PMC
January 2012
72 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

caveolin-1 deficient
20
deficient mice
20
nitric oxide
20
mice lps
12
lps exposure
12
caveolin-1
12
role caveolin-1
12
airway hyperresponsiveness
8
oxide production
8
oxide synthase
8
investigate role
8
endotoxin exposure
8
mice
7
lps
6
increased
5
exposure
5
deficient
5
oxide
5
ahr led
4
inflammatory indices
4

Similar Publications