MYH9-related disease: a novel prognostic model to predict the clinical evolution of the disease based on genotype-phenotype correlations.

Hum Mutat 2014 Feb 12;35(2):236-47. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Foundation and University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in the gene for nonmuscle myosin heavy chain IIA (NMMHC-IIA). MYH9-RD is characterized by a considerable variability in clinical evolution: patients present at birth with only thrombocytopenia, but some of them subsequently develop sensorineural deafness, cataract, and/or nephropathy often leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We searched for genotype-phenotype correlations in the largest series of consecutive MYH9-RD patients collected so far (255 cases from 121 families). Association of genotypes with noncongenital features was assessed by a generalized linear regression model. The analysis defined disease evolution associated to seven different MYH9 genotypes that are responsible for 85% of MYH9-RD cases. Mutations hitting residue R702 demonstrated a complete penetrance for early-onset ESRD and deafness. The p.D1424H substitution associated with high risk of developing all the noncongenital manifestations of disease. Mutations hitting a distinct hydrophobic seam in the NMMHC-IIA head domain or substitutions at R1165 associated with high risk of deafness but low risk of nephropathy or cataract. Patients with p.E1841K, p.D1424N, and C-terminal deletions had low risk of noncongenital defects. These findings are essential to patients' clinical management and genetic counseling and are discussed in view of molecular pathogenesis of MYH9-RD.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.22476DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233870PMC
February 2014
35 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

associated high
8
clinical evolution
8
mutations hitting
8
low risk
8
high risk
8
genotype-phenotype correlations
8
myh9-related disease
8
disease
5
myh9-rd
5
nephropathy cataract
4
noncongenital features
4
end-stage renal
4
genotypes noncongenital
4
cataract patients
4
families association
4
association genotypes
4
features assessed
4
assessed generalized
4
regression model
4
model analysis
4

Similar Publications