Neurobiol Aging 2013 Dec 17;34(12):2866-78. Epub 2013 Jul 17.
Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:
Heterologous expression of the functional amyloid beta (Aβ) antibody β1 in the central nervous system was engineered to maximize antibody exposure in the brain and assess the effects on Aβ production and accumulation in these conditions. A single open reading frame encoding the heavy and light chains of β1 linked by the mouth and foot virus peptide 2A was expressed in brain neurons of transgenic mice. Two of the resulting BIN66 transgenic lines were crossed with APP23 mice, which develop severe central amyloidosis. Brain concentrations at steady-state 5 times greater than those found after peripheral β1 administration were obtained. Similar brain and plasma β1 concentrations indicated robust antibody efflux from the brain. In preplaque mice, β1 formed a complex with Aβ that caused a modest Aβ increase in brain and plasma. At 11 months of age, β1 expression reduced amyloid by 97% compared with age-matched APP23 mice. Interference of β1 with β-secretase cleavage of amyloid precursor protein was relatively small. Our data suggest that severely impaired amyloid formation was primarily mediated by a complex of β1 with soluble Aβ, which might have prevented Aβ aggregation or favored transport out of the brain.