J Craniofac Surg 2013 Jul;24(4):1307-9
Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and ENT, Avicenne University Medical Center, Rabat, Morocco.
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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2011 May 21;75(5):673-7. Epub 2011 Mar 21.
Department of Paediatric Otolaryngology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JH, United Kingdom.
Objective: There has been much recent focus on sclerotherapy treatment of lymphatic malformations with OK432. Surgical treatment however can have a number of advantages, including complete curative excision. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of surgical excision as the primary (first) treatment for this condition. Read More
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2015 Jun 6;79(6):883-7. Epub 2015 Apr 6.
Children's Hospital at Los Angeles, Department of Radiology, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Objectives: Lymphatic malformations are congenital vascular anomalies that occur from abnormal development of the lymphatic channels. Studies have shown that sclerotherapy can be a reliable alternative to surgery. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous sclerotherapy with doxycycline and 3% Sotradecol as primary treatment for pediatric head and neck LMs, and to assess outcomes based on lesion classification, location and sclerosant used. Read More
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2009 Jun 25;73(6):833-7. Epub 2009 Mar 25.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacil Surgery, China.
Objectives: Various modalities have been used to treat lymphatic malformations, such as steroids, the injection of sclerosing agents, aspiration, and surgery. Giant macrocystic lymphangiomas involving the cervicofacial region in infants and children constitute a major therapeutic challenge.
Methods: This was a retrospective review of 47 pediatric patients with giant macrocystic lymphatic malformations of the cervicofacial region that underwent surgical resections. Read More
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2013 Mar 22;51(2):98-102. Epub 2012 Feb 22.
Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Cosham, Portsmouth PO6 3LY, UK.
Lymphatic malformations of the head and neck, also known as lymphangiomas or cystic hygromas, are a diverse group of lesions. They can be small and superficial or large and extensive, and management can be a challenge. Surgically they can be difficult to remove completely because of their poorly defined borders and the potential for damaging neighbouring structures. Read More