J Emerg Med 2013 Oct 8;45(4):570-7. Epub 2013 Jul 8.
Institute of Emergency Medicine of Istria County, Emergency Medical Service Pazin, Pazin, Croatia.
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Acad Emerg Med 2006 Oct;13(10):1020-6
Department of Emergency Medicine, Scott & White Hospital, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, TX 76508, USA.
Objectives: Continuous chest-compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCC-CPR) has been advocated as an alternative to standard CPR (STD-CPR). Studies have shown that CCC-CPR delivers substantially more chest compressions per minute and is easier to remember and perform than STD-CPR. One concern regarding CCC-CPR is that the rescuer may fatigue and be unable to maintain adequate compression rate or depth throughout an average emergency medical services response time. Read More
Resuscitation 2013 Sep 8;84(9):1279-84. Epub 2013 Feb 8.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Republic of Korea.
Objectives: This study was designed to assess changes in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) quality and rescuer fatigue when rescuers are provided with a break during continuous chest compression CPR (CCC-CPR).
Methods: The present prospective, randomized crossover study involved 63 emergency medical technician trainees. The subjects performed three different CCC-CPR methods on a manikin model. Read More
Resuscitation 2005 Mar;64(3):353-62
Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200W. Wisconsin Avenue, FEH Room 1870, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.
Background: Complete chest wall recoil improves hemodynamics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by generating relatively negative intrathoracic pressure and thus draws venous blood back to the heart, providing cardiac preload prior to the next chest compression phase.
Objective: Phase I was an observational case series to evaluate the quality of chest wall recoil during CPR performed by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel on patients with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Phase II was designed to assess the quality of CPR delivered by EMS personnel using an electronic test manikin. Read More
J Emerg Med 2012 Jan 15;42(1):88-92. Epub 2010 Jul 15.
Scott & White Memorial Hospital and the Texas A&M University System Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, Texas 76508, USA.
Background: Hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (HO-CPR) is recommended as an alternative to standard CPR (STD-CPR). Studies have shown a degradation of adequate compressions with HO-CPR after 2 min when performed by young, healthy medical students. Elderly rescuers' ability to maintain an adequate compression rate and depth until emergency medical services (EMS) arrives is unknown. Read More