Arch Neurol 2012 Jun;69(6):789
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Arch Neurol 2006 Oct;63(10):1398-400
Department of Neurology, Drexel University College of Medicine and Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) IgG is a specific marker for NMO. Furthermore, a high proportion of patients with longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (characterized by spinal cord lesions extending 3 vertebral segments or more on magnetic resonance imaging) are seropositive for NMO-IgG and are considered to have a limited form of NMO. The NMO-IgG status in mild cases of acute partial transverse myelitis asociated with minimal magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities (spinal cord lesions <2 vertebral segments on magnetic resonance imaging) is unknown. Read More
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2016 05;142(5):505
Arch Neurol 2012 Mar;69(3):357-62
Service de Neurologie, Hôpital Charles Nicolle, 1 rue de Germont, Rouen Cedex, France.
Background: Acute partial transverse myelitis (APTM) may be the first clinical symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS) or may remain a monophasic event.
Objectives: To evaluate the risk of conversion to MS and long-term disability, and to determine prognosis factors for disability.
Design: We identified patients with no previous history of neurological disease who experienced APTM between January 1998 and December 2005 and were followed up at 3 university hospitals in France. Read More
J Child Neurol 2012 Nov 21;27(11):1426-36. Epub 2012 Aug 21.
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
Acute transverse myelitis is a clinical syndrome affecting the spinal cord, which is characterized by acute onset of motor, sensory, and autonomic dysfunction. Approximately 20% of cases of acute transverse myelitis occur in children. This review summarizes the current published literature on acute transverse myelitis, including epidemiology, diagnostic criteria, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, clinical evaluation, and differential diagnosis. Read More