Breathing easier? The known impacts of biodiesel on air quality.

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Biofuels 2012 May;3(3):285-291

Keene State College, 229 Main Street, Keene, NH 03435, USA Tel.: +1 603 358 2974.

Substantial scientific evidence exists on the negative health effects of exposure to petroleum diesel exhaust. Many view biodiesel as a 'green', more environmentally friendly alternative fuel, especially with respect to measured reductions of particulate matter in tailpipe emissions. Tailpipe emissions data sets from heavy-duty diesel engines comparing diesel and biodiesel fuels provide important information regarding the composition and potential aggregate contribution of particulate matter and other pollutants to regional airsheds. However, exposure - defined in this instance as human contact with tailpipe emissions - is another key link in the chain between emissions and human health effects. Although numerous biodiesel emissions studies exist, biodiesel exposure studies are nearly absent from the literature. This article summarizes the known impacts of biodiesel on air quality and health effects, comparing emissions and exposure research. In light of rapidly changing engine, fuel and exhaust technologies, both emissions and exposure studies are necessary for developing a fuller understanding of the impact of biodiesel on air quality and human health.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bfs.12.22DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3622266PMC
May 2012
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

Pope et al.
Air Qual. Atmos. Health 2010

Attfield et al.
J. Natl Cancer Inst. 2012

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