Gene 2013 Jul 6;523(2):147-51. Epub 2013 Apr 6.
Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
PTPN22 1858C>T gene polymorphism has been associated with several autoimmune disorders including alopecia areata. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of the inherited genetic polymorphism 1858C>T of PTPN22 gene on the predisposition to severe forms of alopecia areata and its effect on the response to DPC treatment. To achieve our aim, PTPN22 1858C>T genotyping was performed by PCR-based restricted fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. The study included 103 Egyptian patients with extensive alopecia areata treated by DPC. Hundred healthy age and sex matched blood donors were included in the current study as a control group. Results of genotyping showed that PTPN22 CT and TT mutant genotypes were significantly higher in AA patients compared to controls and conferred increase risk of AA (OR=2.601, 95% CI=1.081-6.255). Statistical comparison between AA patients with wild and mutant genotypes revealed that the duration of the illness was significantly longer in those harboring the mutant genotypes. Moreover, the association of other autoimmune diseases as atopy and diabetes mellitus was higher in patients with mutant genotypes. Furthermore, PTPN22 1858C>T genetic polymorphism did not affect the patients' response to DPC immunotherapy.