J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 2013 3;35(4):421-34. Epub 2013 Apr 3.
Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.
This study developed and then cross-validated a novel weighting algorithm based on multiple comorbid risk factors (stimulant use, vascular disease, hepatitis C, HIV disease severity, cognitive reserve) to predict cognitive functioning among 366 HIV+ adults. The resultant "risk severity score" was used to differentially weight, as a function of age, the impact and magnitude of multiple risk factors on cognition. Among older adults (≥50 years) the risk severity index was differentially predictive of learning/memory and verbal fluency, whereas among younger adults it was linked to working memory and executive function. Cognitive reserve was found to be the most robust predictor of neurocognition.