Top Magn Reson Imaging 2011 Aug;22(4):135-41
Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, China.
With the development of open-configuration magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems, magnetic resonance-compatible navigational tools, and fast pulse sequences, MRI-guided biopsy of musculoskeletal lesions has evolved into an effective and safe, minimally invasive technique. Magnetic resonance-guided percutaneous biopsy of musculoskeletal lesions is especially suited for lesions that are detectable only with MRI, lesions that require double-angulated needle paths, and for patients in which radiation exposure needs to be avoided. In this article, we review pertinent principles, techniques, and clinical applications of low-field MRI for biopsy procedures in the musculoskeletal system.