Clinicopathologic study of solar dermatitis, a pinpoint papular variant of polymorphous light eruption in Taiwan, and review of the literature.

Authors:
Yi-An Chen
Yi-An Chen
National Cheng Kung University
Taiwan
Julia Yu-Yun Lee
Julia Yu-Yun Lee
National Cheng Kung University
Taiwan

J Formos Med Assoc 2013 Mar 29;112(3):125-30. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Department of Dermatology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: A mild, micropapular eruption previously coined as "solar dermatitis" on the extensor of the forearm is a common form of photodermatitis in Taiwan. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic findings of "solar dermatitis", the micropapular type of photodermatitis.

Methods: We characterized the features of this photodermatitis by retrospectively reviewing and analyzing all such cases in a medical center in Southern Taiwan diagnosed during October 1988 to November 2010.

Results: A total of 34 Taiwanese patients, all with Fitzpatrick skin type III-IV, were included (M:F = 1:1; mean age = 33.5 years; range = 9-62 years). Patients typically presented numerous, monomorphous, pinhead-sized micropapules on the extensor of the forearm after a recent, more intense sun exposure. The rash was often mildly pruritic and recurred in the summer, but usually resolved in a few days after sun protection and topical corticosteroid treatment. Reduced minimal erythema dose to UVB was noted in 2 of the 5 patients tested. Histopathologic examination (n = 10) revealed a mild spongiotic dermatitis.

Conclusion: The clinicopathologic findings of the "solar dermatitis" closely resembled those of the pinpoint papular variant of polymorphous light eruption (PP-PMLE) affecting African Americans and Asians in Singapore. PP-PMLE, micropapular light eruption in Japanese, summertime actinic lichenoid eruption in Indians and the present photodermatitis might represent a common, micropapular variant of PMLE affecting darker skin populations.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2011.09.026DOI Listing
March 2013
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