J Chromatogr A 2013 Mar 15;1281:142-7. Epub 2013 Jan 15.
Bioanalytical Instrumentation, CEITEC MU, Veveri 97, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic.
A new method for rapid, direct determination of formate in blood serum samples by capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductometric detection is presented. A selective separation of formate was achieved in approximately 1 min using an electrolyte system comprising 10 mM L-histidine, 15 mM glutamic acid and 30 μM cetyltrimethylammonium bromide at pH 4.56. The only sample preparation was dilution (1:100) with deionized water. The limit of detection and limit of quantitation was 2.2 μM and 7.3 μM, respectively, which corresponds to 0.22 mM and 0.73 mM in undiluted blood serum. The method provides a simple and rapid diagnostic test in suspected methanol intoxication cases. The method has been successfully tested on determination of formate in blood of a patient admitted to the hospital under acute methanol intoxication. The peak concentration of formate detected in the patient blood serum was 12.4mM, which is 10- to 100-fold higher than the normal values in healthy population. The developed method presents the fastest test currently available to detect formate in blood samples.