Influence of changes in hydrodynamic conditions on cadmium transport in tidal river network of the Pearl River Delta, China.

Environ Monit Assess 2013 Sep 16;185(9):7501-16. Epub 2013 Feb 16.

College of Water Conservancy and Environment, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China.

With rapid economic development, the Pearl River Delta (PRD) of China has experienced a series of serious heavy metal pollution events. Considering complex hydrodynamic and pollutants transport process, one-dimensional hydrodynamic model and heavy metal transport model were developed for tidal river network of the PRD. Then, several pollution emergency scenarios were designed by combining with the upper inflow, water quality and the lower tide level boundary conditions. Using this set of models, the temporal and spatial change process of cadmium (Cd) concentration was simulated. The influence of change in hydrodynamic conditions on Cd transport in tidal river network was assessed, and its transport laws were summarized. The result showed the following: Flow changes in the tidal river network were influenced remarkably by tidal backwater action, which further influenced the transport process of heavy metals; Cd concentrations in most sections while encountering high tide were far greater than those while encountering middle or low tides; and increased inflows from upper reaches could intensify water pollution in the West River (while encountering high tide) or the North River (while encountering middle or low tides).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-013-3115-5DOI Listing
September 2013
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