Ophthalmic Res 2013 3;49(4):171-6. Epub 2013 Jan 3.
Henry C. Witelson Ocular Pathology Laboratory, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Montreal, Que., Canada.
Background/aims: Nuclear receptor corepressor 1 (NCoR1) is a protein complex with diverse functions in development and tumorigenesis. We investigated the pattern of expression and histopathological correlation of NCoR1 in 41 retinoblastoma tumor samples, 1 retinoblastoma cell line (WERI-Rb-1) and human retinal progenitor cells (hRPCs).
Methods: Tissue sections from 41 retinoblastoma cases, the retinoblastoma cell line WERI-Rb-1 and hRPCs were stained with rabbit polyclonal anti-NCoR1 H76 antibody. Percentage and intensity of staining were classified by an ocular pathologist from 0 to 3. The paired t test was used to test for differences.
Results: In the nonneoplastic retina, NCoR1 was expressed mainly in cell nuclei. The retinoblastoma tumor cells similarly had nuclear NCoR1 but also had a higher level of cytoplasmic NCoR1 expression compared to all 3 normal retinal cell layers (p < 0.002). In contrast to the normal retina, NCoR1 was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm of the proliferating WERI-Rb-1 cells. This cytoplasmic expression pattern was also seen in the undifferentiated hRPCs.
Conclusions: The aberrant cytoplasmic expression of NCoR1 in retinoblastoma appears to be associated with the proliferative and/or dedifferentiated properties of retinoblastoma. Further investigation into the role of NCoR1 in retinoblastoma may provide insight into how therapeutically inhibiting its nucleocytoplasmic shuttling may affect retinoblastoma tumor biology.