Comprehensive integration of homogeneous bioassays via centrifugo-pneumatic cascading.

Authors:
Neus Godino
Neus Godino
Biomedical Diagnostics Institute
Ireland
Robert Gorkin
Robert Gorkin
Dublin City University
Ireland
Ana V Linares
Ana V Linares
Compiègne University of Technology
France
Robert Burger
Robert Burger
University of California
United States
Dr. Jens Ducree, Dr. rer. nat. habil. Dipl. Phys.
Dr. Jens Ducree, Dr. rer. nat. habil. Dipl. Phys.
Fraunhofer Project Centre at Dublin City University
Professor (Full)
microfluidics, Lab-on-a-Chip, hydrodynanmics, business development, project management, organisational leadership
Glasnevin, Dublin 9 | Ireland

Lab Chip 2013 Feb;13(4):685-94

Biomedical Diagnostics Institute, National Centre for Sensor Research, School of Physical Sciences, Dublin City University, Ireland.

This work for the first time presents the full integration and automation concept for a range of bioassays leveraged by cascading a centrifugo-pneumatic valving scheme to sequentially move several liquids through shared channel segments for multi-step sample preparation into the detection zone. This novel centrifugo-pneumatic liquid handling significantly simplifies system manufacture by obviating the need for complex surface functionalization procedures or hybrid material integration, as it is common in conventional valving methods such as capillary burst valves or sacrificial valves. Based on the centrifugo-pneumatic valving scheme, this work presents a toolkit of operational elements implementing liquid loading/transfer, metering, mixing and sedimentation in a microstructured polymer disc. As a proof of concept for the broad class of homogeneous bioassays, the full integration and automation of a colorimetric nitrate/nitrite test for the detection of clinically relevant nitric oxide (NO) in whole blood is implemented. First, 40 μL of plasma is extracted from a 100 μL sample of human blood, incubated for one hour with the enzymatic mixture (60 μL), and finally reacted with 100 μL of colorimetric (Greiss) reagents. Following just a single loading phase at the beginning of the process, all of these steps are automated through the centrifugo-pneumatic cascade with a high level of flow control and synchronization. Our system shows good correlation with controls up to 50 μM of nitrate, which adequately covers the healthy human range (4 to 45.3 μM).

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2lc40722aDOI Listing
February 2013
25 Reads
5 PubMed Central Citations(source)

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