Pharm Biol 2013 Mar 8;51(3):298-303. Epub 2012 Nov 8.
Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Context: Silymarin, a flavonolignan from Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. (Asteraceae), has been reported to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Therefore, it may be worthwhile to study the effect of silymarin on wound healing.
Objective: To evaluate the effect of silymarin on human fibroblast cells in an in vitro model of wound healing.
Materials And Methods: Human fibroblast cells were treated with different concentrations (4.5, 9, 18, 36 µg/mL) of silymarin. The effects of silymarin on cell viability, proliferation, collagen synthesis, and expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) were assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine, hydroxyproline analysis and real-time PCR, respectively. The effect of silymarin on cellular antioxidant status was determined by protection against hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)-induced cell injury and free radical scavenging activity (ABTS assay) of the cells.
Results: Results of the present study indicate that pretreatment of fibroblast cells with silymarin significantly protected cells against H₂O₂-induced injury (p < 0.05). After an 18 h treatment of cells with 36 µg/mL silymarin, total antioxidant capacity of cells significantly increased (p < 0.05). Furthermore, pretreatment of human fibroblast cells with silymarin significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced COX-2 mRNA expression (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in fibroblast proliferation and collagen synthesis between treatment and control groups (p > 0.05).
Discussion And Conclusion: Silymarin may be useful as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of cutaneous wounds through its antioxidation and anti-inflammation effects.