Bone 2013 Jan 26;52(1):56-62. Epub 2012 Sep 26.
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 138-736, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Introduction: Despite extensive evidence demonstrating the direct, detrimental role of homocysteine on bone metabolism, the effects of serum total homocysteine (tHcy) on bone loss are still equivocal. In the present study, we performed a longitudinal study on healthy participants of various ages of both sexes in order to investigate the association between serum tHcy concentrations and annualized changes in bone mineral density (BMD).
Methods: A total of 460 Koreans ≥ 30 years of age received comprehensive, routine health examinations for an average period of 3 years. The BMD at proximal femur sites was measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry using the same equipment at baseline and follow-up.
Results: After adjusting for potential confounders, the rates of bone loss at the proximal femur sites were significantly accelerated in a dose-response fashion across increasing tHcy concentrations in premenopausal women and men, but not in postmenopausal women. Consistently, compared with subjects in the lowest tHcy quartile, premenopausal women in the third and/or highest tHcy quartile and men in the highest tHcy quartile showed significantly higher rates of bone loss at all proximal femur sites (p=0.015-0.048) and at the total femur and femur neck (p=0.008-0.013), respectively. In contrast, there were no differences in terms of bone loss among the tHcy quartiles for postmenopausal women.
Conclusion: These data provide the first clinical evidence that increased tHcy levels could be an independent risk factor for the future deterioration of bone mass in premenopausal women and men.