J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2013 Dec 23;27(12):1579-82. Epub 2012 Jul 23.
Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Szeged University, Szeged, Hungary, and Dermatological Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Szeged, Hungary.
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Br J Dermatol 1997 Dec;137(6):928-33
Department of Dermatology, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, U.K.
Patients with chronic lymphoedema are prone to develop chronic infections and various tumours in the lymphoedematous limb, suggesting that regional immune surveillance is impaired. To test the hypothesis that cutaneous cell-mediated immunity is impaired, 35 women with postmastectomy lymphoedema were investigated using dinitrochlorobenzene to test the afferent and efferent loops of the allergic contact immune response. The results support the role of lymphatics as an important component of the immune response to allergens by the demonstration of impairment of both the afferent and efferent loops of the allergic contact dermatitis reaction, and confirm that there is suppression of immune competence in a lymphoedematous limb. Read More
Breast 2013 Oct 12;22(5):703-6. Epub 2013 Jan 12.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Changhua Christian Hospital, 135 Nanxiao Street, Changhua 500, Taiwan. Electronic address:
BCRL is the most common morbidity in women with breast cancer. We performed a retrospective analysis of 107 BCRL patients to identify the efficacy of CDP and the predictors of lymphedema severity and response to CDP. The patients received 12 sessions of CDP, the duration of lymphedema was 22. Read More
Panminerva Med 1998 Mar;40(1):48-50
Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy Unit S. Chiara Hospital, Pisa University, Italy.
Background: The authors evaluated the chronic post-mastectomy lymphoedematous tissue and the effects of manual lymphatic drainage (Leduc method) with and without compressive bandage.
Methods: The arms were measured before and after physical therapy and the results were expressed as a percentage decrease. Physical therapy was performed first by manual lymphatic drainage only and after by manual lymphatic drainage plus compressive bandage. Read More
Acta Oncol 2010 ;49(2):166-73
Department of Health Science, Lund University, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
Introduction: Arm lymphoedema is a frequent complication after breast cancer treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment is considered important for successful management of breast cancer related arm lymphoedema (BCRL). The purpose was to identify BCRL incidence, time of onset, progression/regression and associated factors 10 years after breast cancer diagnosis. Read More