Implant Dent 2012 Aug;21(4):306-10
Department of Oral Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Turkey.
Objective: To compare the levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and matrix metalloproteinases-8 (MMP-8) in periimplant crevicular fluid (PICF) after osseointegration and loading.
Materials And Methods: PICF was collected at the 3rd, 6th, 12th, and 18th months after implantation of 72 implants. PGE2 and MMP-8 levels besides clinical parameters were evaluated.
Results: Plaque and gingival index at the 6th, 12th, and 18th months presented higher values. Probing depth showed an increase after the 12th month. PGE2 presented a higher value at the 18th month. MMP-8 level demonstrated higher values after the sixth month. PGE2 and MMP-8 demonstrated positive correlations with gingival index and probing depth.
Conclusion: The detection of PGE2 and MMP-8 in PICF serve to be useful for monitoring the course of periimplant disease. MMP-8 promises to be an early signal of periimplant inflammation.