Community differentiation and kinship among Europe's first farmers.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012 Jun 29;109(24):9326-30. Epub 2012 May 29.

Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UU, United Kingdom.

Community differentiation is a fundamental topic of the social sciences, and its prehistoric origins in Europe are typically assumed to lie among the complex, densely populated societies that developed millennia after their Neolithic predecessors. Here we present the earliest, statistically significant evidence for such differentiation among the first farmers of Neolithic Europe. By using strontium isotopic data from more than 300 early Neolithic human skeletons, we find significantly less variance in geographic signatures among males than we find among females, and less variance among burials with ground stone adzes than burials without such adzes. From this, in context with other available evidence, we infer differential land use in early Neolithic central Europe within a patrilocal kinship system.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1113710109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3386065PMC
June 2012
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