BJU Int 2012 Apr;109 Suppl 3:35-9
Division of Urology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.
Objective: To examine the early outcomes and complications of integrating laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) into a public teaching hospital in Australia.
Patients And Methods: An outcomes review from prospectively collected data on our initial 50 cases of LPN. The median follow-up was 36 months with a minimum follow-up of 2 years and a maximum of 5 years.
Results: The mean patient age was 60 years, mean tumour size was 2.9 cm, and mean baseline creatinine concentration was 79 µmol/L. One patient had a solitary kidney, and one patient had bilateral tumours. The mean operative duration was 168 min, with a mean warm ischaemia time of 25 min. The median blood loss was 100 mL and the median (range) hospital stay was 4 (2-12) days. The complication rate was 6%, including two instances of secondary haemorrhage, and one port-site hernia. No patient required conversion to radical nephrectomy or experienced clinically significant deterioration in their renal function. There have been no local or systemic recurrences to date, with a maximum follow-up of 5 years.
Conclusions: LPN can be successfully integrated into the Australian public health care sector as standard of care for stage 1 renal masses requiring treatment. Due to the inherent risk of bleeding early in the learning curve, cases should be performed in the setting of adequate surgical and interventional radiographic support.