The determining risk factors for treatment outcomes in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate.

Ann Surg Oncol 2012 Jun 20;19(6):2003-10. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

Department of Otolaryngology, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: The determining risk factors for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate are not well verified.

Methods: Medical records from our facility of all patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate receiving curative surgery between March 2003 and May 2009 were reviewed.

Results: Seventy-eight patients were enrolled in the study. The 5 year disease-free and overall survival rates were 49.8 and 49.7%, respectively. The 5 year disease-free and overall survival rates were statistically different between positive/close margins and negative margins (24.6% vs. 65.4%, P = 0.02; 20.1% vs. 63.1%, P = 0.001, respectively), with and without soft palate invasion (38.8% vs. 68.9%, P = 0.02; 27.4% vs. 77.5%, P = 0.001, respectively), and soft palate invasion patients with and without perineural invasion (10.4% vs. 52.8%, P = 0.02; 0% vs. 38.1%, P = 0.008, respectively). The rate of positive nodal metastasis for T3 and T4 tumors was 44%. For the tumor with soft palate invasion, the rate of positive nodal metastasis was 29%. After multivariate analyses, soft palate invasion and positive/close margins were the determining risk factors for disease-free and overall survival.

Conclusions: Soft palate invasion and positive/close margins were the determining risk factors for disease-free and overall survival in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the hard palate. Elective neck dissection is suggested for advanced primary tumors (T3 or T4) or tumors with soft palate invasion.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1245/s10434-011-2214-1DOI Listing
June 2012
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