Psychosomatics 2012 Jan-Feb;53(1):85-91
Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.
Department of Kinesiology, School of Public Health, grid.257410.5Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, United States.
Occupational heat exposure is linked to the development of kidney injury and disease in individuals who frequently perform physically demanding work in the heat. For instance, in Central America, an epidemic of chronic kidney disease of non-traditional origin (CKDnt) is occurring among manual laborers, while potentially related epidemics have emerged in India and Sri Lanka. There is growing concern that workers in the United States suffer with CKDnt, but reports are limited. Read More
N Engl J Med 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.
From the Office of Vaccines Research and Review, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD (P.R.K., M.G.); the Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle (T.R.F.); the Department of Biostatistics, University of Florida, Gainesville (I.M.L.); the Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford (R.P., V.B.), and the Oxford Vaccine Group, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford and National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (M.D.S.), Oxford, and the Global Health Programme, Chatham House (D.L.H.), and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (J.P.C.), London - all in the United Kingdom; the Howard College School of Law, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban (J.A.S.), and the Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, Johannesburg (H.R.) - both in South Africa; the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto (J.A.S.); the Clalit Research Institute, Innovation Division, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel (R.D.B.); the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany (C.M.-F.); the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (K.S.); and the World Health Organization, Geneva (S.B., A.-M.R., R.G., M.D.V.K., S.S., M.J.R., A.-M.H.-R.).
Viral variants of concern may emerge with dangerous resistance to the immunity generated by the current vaccines to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19). Moreover, if some variants of concern have increased transmissibility or virulence, the importance of efficient public health measures and vaccination programs will increase. The global response must be both timely and science based. Read More
mSphere 2021 Jun 23:e0050521. Epub 2021 Jun 23.
Department of Microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinaigrid.59734.3c, New York, New York, USA.
Zika and dengue virus (ZIKV and DENV) are two flaviviruses responsible for important vector-borne emerging infectious diseases. While there have been multiple DENV epidemics in the last decades, there have been fewer documented epidemics caused by ZIKV until recent years. Thus, our current knowledge about the biology of ZIKV, the disease, and the immune responses in humans is limited. Read More
Heliyon 2021 Jun 6;7(6):e07216. Epub 2021 Jun 6.
Department of Emergency Medicine, CHRISTUS Health/Texas A&M, Corpus Christi, TX, USA.
Background: In the face of the opiate addiction epidemic, there is a paucity of research that evaluates limitations for our current pain rating methodologies for patient populations at risk for drug seeking behavior.Objective: We hypothesized that VAS scores would be higher and show less serial improvement for patients with a history of frequent ED use.Methods: This was a prospective, observational cohort study of a convenience sample of adult ED patients with chief complaint of pain. Read More
Transl Androl Urol 2021 May;10(5):2289-2296
Division of Urologic Oncology, Department of Surgical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
The American opioid epidemic has led to one of the worse public health crises in recent history, and emerging evidence has highlighted the role of healthcare professionals in exposing patients and communities to potent opioid drugs. Surgeons, in treating postoperative pain, are at the forefront of this epidemic. In Urology, investigators are beginning to establish how patients handle and consume opioids following common urologic procedures in an effort to limit excess prescribing. Read More