Prevalence of falls and associated factors in elderly individuals.

Rev Saude Publica 2012 Feb 20;46(1):138-46. Epub 2011 Dec 20.

Núcleo de Assessoria, Treinamentos e Estudos em Saúde, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, MG, Brasil.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of falls in elderly individuals and to analyze associated factors.

Methods: Cross-sectional study with 420 elderly subjects (aged 60 years or older) living in the city of Juiz de Fora (Southeastern Brazil) in 2010. A household survey was conducted and the occurrence of falls in the 12 previous months was described. For the analysis of factors associated with the outcome, a theoretical determination model with three hierarchical blocks was built. The variables were adjusted among each other within each block; those with level of significance < 0.20 were included in the Poisson regression model and adjusted to the immediately higher level, with 5% significance level.

Results: The prevalence of falls among the elderly was 32.1% (95%CI: 27.7; 36.9). Among those who experienced falls, 53% had a single fall and 19% had fractures as a consequence. Most of the falls (59%) occurred at the elderly person's home. The occurrence of falls was associated with old age, female sex, need of help for locomotion and self-reported diagnosis of osteoporosis.

Conclusions: Falls are frequent among the elderly. Knowledge of the factors associated with the occurrence of this event can aid the development of prevention strategies and adequate health services.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0034-89102011005000087DOI Listing
February 2012

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

prevalence falls
12
elderly individuals
8
falls elderly
8
level significance
8
factors associated
8
occurrence falls
8
falls associated
8
falls
7
elderly
6
associated
5
model adjusted
4
levelresults prevalence
4
significance levelresults
4
higher level
4
adjusted higher
4
elderly 321%
4
experienced falls
4
falls 53%
4
53% single
4
369 experienced
4

Similar Publications