J Interferon Cytokine Res 2012 Feb 5;32(2):53-9. Epub 2011 Dec 5.
Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, Center for AIDS Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7290, USA.
Gammaherpesviruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4) and Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV, human herpesvirus 8) establish lifelong infection in the host. To further this lifestyle, they encode homologs of cellular cytokines and cytokine receptors with the overarching goal to escape from or to blunt host antiviral defenses. EBV encodes mimics of human interleukin (hIL)-10 and a G protein-coupled receptor protein with sequence similarity to CXCR, whereas KSHV encodes homologs of hIL-6, 3 CC chemokine ligands, and a G protein-coupled receptor with sequence similarity to IL8 receptor alpha. This review focuses on the EBV IL-10 homolog and the KSHV IL-6 homolog with respect to virus biology and pathogenesis of the virus-associated diseases.