Characterization of pedestrian accidents and an examination of infrastructure measures to improve pedestrian safety in Israel.

Authors:
Victoria Gitelman
Victoria Gitelman
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Doron Balasha
Doron Balasha
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Israel
Limor Hendel
Limor Hendel
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Israel

Accid Anal Prev 2012 Jan 21;44(1):63-73. Epub 2010 Dec 21.

Ran Naor Road Safety Research Center, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa 32000, Israel.

The high share of pedestrian fatalities in Israel provided the impetus for this study which looked for infrastructure solutions to improve pedestrian safety. First, a detailed analysis of pedestrian accidents in 2006-2007, with an emphasis on the infrastructure characteristics involved, was performed; it found that 75% of the fatalities and 95% of the injuries occurred in urban areas, the majority of cases occurring on road sections (not at junctions). About 80% of the accidents took place when a pedestrian crossed the road, the majority of them at non-crosswalk locations or at non-signalized crosswalks. International comparisons showed that the characteristics of fatal pedestrian accidents in Israel were similar to the average pedestrian accident in Europe in terms of accident location, time, and the demographic characteristics of the victims. A typology of pedestrian fatalities in Israel was built for the years 2003-2006; it demonstrated a high share of accidents at these locations: in Jewish or mixed-population towns-not at pedestrian crossings on urban street sections, and both at pedestrian crossings and not at pedestrian crossings at urban junctions; in Arab towns; and on dual-carriageway rural roads. Second, based on a literature study, a summary of about 60 pedestrian-safety-related measures was developed. Third, to diagnose the infrastructure characteristics and deficiencies associated with pedestrian accidents, detailed field studies were carried out at 95 urban locations. A major finding revealed that more than 80% of the sites with a high concentration of pedestrian-vehicle accidents in Israel were situated on arterial multi-lane streets belonging to city centers, where on a micro-level there were no indications of major deficiencies in the basic design elements of most sites. Finally, cross-checking of the safety problems identified and the infrastructure solutions available provided lists of measures recommended for application at various types of sites. It was concluded that in order to generate a significant change in the state of pedestrian injury in Israel, a move from spot treatment to a systemic treatment of the problem is required. A systemic inquiry and the transformation of the urban road network should be performed in order to diminish the areas of vehicle-pedestrian conflicts and to significantly reduce vehicle speeds in areas of pedestrian presence and activity.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.11.017DOI Listing

Still can't find the full text of the article?

Sign up to send a request to the authors directly.
January 2012
19 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

pedestrian accidents
16
pedestrian
14
pedestrian crossings
12
pedestrian fatalities
8
high share
8
fatalities israel
8
improve pedestrian
8
infrastructure characteristics
8
crossings urban
8
infrastructure solutions
8
accidents israel
8
pedestrian safety
8
accidents
7
israel
6
urban
5
infrastructure
5
accidents detailed
4
associated pedestrian
4
detailed field
4
field studies
4

Similar Publications

Canagliflozin attenuates the progression of atherosclerosis and inflammation process in APOE knockout mice.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2018 Jul 26;17(1):106. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Department of Biological Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece.

Background: Sodium glucose co-transporter2 inhibitors reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus based on the results of recent cardiovascular outcome studies. Herein, we investigated the effects of long-term treatment with canagliflozin on biochemical and immunohistochemical markers related to atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis development in the aorta of apolipoprotein E knockout (Apo-E) mice.

Methods: At the age of 5 weeks, mice were switched from normal to a high-fat diet. Read More

View Article
July 2018
18 Reads
4.01 Impact Factor

EpideMiology and control measures of outBreaks due to Antibiotic-Resistant orGanisms in EurOpe (EMBARGO): a systematic review protocol.

BMJ Open 2017 01 5;7(1):e013634. Epub 2017 Jan 5.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine 1, DZIF Partner Centre, University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Introduction: Improving our understanding of outbreaks due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and their control is critical in the current public health scenario. The threat of outbreaks due to ARB requires multifaceted efforts. However, a global overview of epidemiological characteristics of outbreaks due to ARB and effective infection control measures is missing. Read More

View Article
January 2017
53 Reads
1 PubMed Central Citation(source)
2.06 Impact Factor

Thymoquinone effectively alleviates lung fibrosis induced by paraquat herbicide through down-regulation of pro-fibrotic genes and inhibition of oxidative stress.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2016 Jul 18;45:340-5. Epub 2016 Jun 18.

Department of Toxicology & Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Haft-Bagh Blvd., Kerman 7616911319 , Iran; Gastroenterology and Hepatology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Afzalipour's Hospital, Imam Highway, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman 7616913911, Iran. Electronic address:

The potential preventive and therapeutic effects of thymoquinone (TQ) and its molecular mechanism were evaluated in paraquat (PQ)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice. TQ was administered orally at the doses of 20 and 40mg/kg during the course and after development of fibrosis. Pathological changes, expressions of genes involved in fibrogenesis, hydroxyproline (HP) and oxidative stress parameters were determined in the lung tissues. Read More

View Article
July 2016
20 Reads
5 PubMed Central Citations(source)
1.86 Impact Factor

Charge transfer and tunable ambipolar effect induced by assembly of Cu(II) binuclear complexes on carbon nanotube field effect transistor devices.

J Am Chem Soc 2012 May 1;134(18):7896-901. Epub 2012 May 1.

Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux d'Orsay, Université de Paris Sud 11, CNRS, Bât. 420, 15 rue Georges Clemenceau, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France.

Assembly of paramagnetic Cu(2) complexes with a Schiff base scaffold possessing extended electron delocalization together with a quasi-planar structure onto carbon nanotubes induces a diameter-selective charge transfer from the complex to the nanotubes leading to an interestingly large and tunable ambipolar effect. We used complementary techniques such as electron paramagnetic resonance, absorption spectroscopy, and photoluminescence to ensure the success of the assembly process and the integrity of the complex in the nanohybrid. We carried out density functional theory type calculations to rationalize the experimental results, evidencing the selective enhanced interaction of the metal complexes with one type of nanotube. Read More

View Article
May 2012
44 Reads
12.11 Impact Factor

Activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase serine kinase by IFN-alpha.

J Immunol 1997 Mar;158(5):2390-7

Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA.

During engagement of the type I IFN receptor, IRS-1 is phosphorylated on tyrosine and associates with the p85 regulatory subunit of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3'-kinase, which is a dual-specificity enzyme possessing both lipid and serine kinase activities. We sought to determine whether treatment of cells with IFN-alpha activates the PI 3'-kinase serine kinase. 32P-labeling experiments and phosphoaminoacid analysis of immunoprecipitated IRS-1 protein demonstrated that, in addition to tyrosine phosphorylation, IFN-alpha induces its phosphorylation on serine residues. Read More

View Article
March 1997
15 Reads
22 PubMed Central Citations(source)
4.92 Impact Factor