Clin Biochem 2011 Dec 16;44(17-18):1421-4. Epub 2011 Sep 16.
Interventional Cardiology Department, Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Objectives: To evaluate the association between collateral formation and some environmental factors along with a polymorphism in HIF-1A gene in selected Iranian patients with CAD.
Design And Methods: Patients with ≥ 70% narrowing in at least one coronary vessel according to coronary angiography were enrolled. The patients' demographic, clinical and biochemical data were collected. The presence of C1772T polymorphisms within HIF-1A was analyzed using the polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).
Results: There is no significant difference between the patients with and without collaterals according to the frequency of T allele or HIF-1A variants. The higher severity of coronary vessel obstruction was positive predictor of collateral formation (OR=1.026, 95%, CI: 1.02-0.04, p<0.001), whereas aging and cigarette smoking were negative predictors (OR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.91-0.99, p<0.05; OR=0.30, 95% CI: 0.11-0.79, p <0.05; respectively).
Conclusions: The findings indicate not any significant association between collateral formation and polymorphic variants of HIF-1A and P582S substitution does not appear to influence the collateral formation in patients with myocardial ischemia.