Genome-wide association study identifies six new loci influencing pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure.

Authors:
Dr. Najaf Amin, PhD
Dr. Najaf Amin, PhD
Erasmus University Medical Center
Rotterdam | Netherlands
Louise V Wain Germaine C Verwoert Paul F O'Reilly Gang Shi Toby Johnson Andrew D Johnson Murielle Bochud Kenneth M Rice Peter Henneman Albert V Smith Georg B Ehret Martin G Larson Vincent Mooser David Hadley Marcus Dörr Joshua C Bis Thor Aspelund Tõnu Esko A Cecile J W Janssens Jing Hua Zhao Simon Heath Maris Laan Jingyuan Fu Giorgio Pistis Jian'an Luan Pankaj Arora Gavin Lucas Nicola Pirastu Irene Pichler Anne U Jackson Rebecca J Webster Feng Zhang John F Peden Helena Schmidt Toshiko Tanaka Harry Campbell Wilmar Igl Yuri Milaneschi Jouke-Jan Hottenga Veronique Vitart Daniel I Chasman Stella Trompet Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham Behrooz Z Alizadeh John C Chambers Xiuqing Guo Terho Lehtimäki Brigitte Kühnel Lorna M Lopez Ozren Polašek Mladen Boban Christopher P Nelson Alanna C Morrison Vasyl Pihur Santhi K Ganesh Albert Hofman Suman Kundu Francesco U S Mattace-Raso Fernando Rivadeneira Eric J G Sijbrands Andre G Uitterlinden Shih-Jen Hwang Ramachandran S Vasan Thomas J Wang Sven Bergmann Peter Vollenweider Gérard Waeber Jaana Laitinen Anneli Pouta Paavo Zitting Wendy L McArdle Heyo K Kroemer Uwe Völker Henry Völzke Nicole L Glazer Kent D Taylor Tamara B Harris Helene Alavere Toomas Haller Aime Keis Mari-Liis Tammesoo Yurii Aulchenko Inês Barroso Kay-Tee Khaw Pilar Galan Serge Hercberg Mark Lathrop Susana Eyheramendy Elin Org Siim Sõber Xiaowen Lu Ilja M Nolte Brenda W Penninx Tanguy Corre Corrado Masciullo Cinzia Sala Leif Groop Benjamin F Voight Olle Melander Christopher J O'Donnell Veikko Salomaa Adamo Pio d'Adamo Antonella Fabretto Flavio Faletra Sheila Ulivi Fabiola M Del Greco Maurizio Facheris Francis S Collins Richard N Bergman John P Beilby Joseph Hung A William Musk Massimo Mangino So-Youn Shin Nicole Soranzo Hugh Watkins Anuj Goel Anders Hamsten Pierre Gider Marisa Loitfelder Marion Zeginigg Dena Hernandez Samer S Najjar Pau Navarro Sarah H Wild Anna Maria Corsi Andrew Singleton Eco J C de Geus Gonneke Willemsen Alex N Parker Lynda M Rose Brendan Buckley David Stott Marco Orru Manuela Uda Melanie M van der Klauw Weihua Zhang Xinzhong Li James Scott Yii-Der Ida Chen Gregory L Burke Mika Kähönen Jorma Viikari Angela Döring Thomas Meitinger Gail Davies John M Starr Valur Emilsson Andrew Plump Jan H Lindeman Peter A C 't Hoen Inke R König Janine F Felix Robert Clarke Jemma C Hopewell Halit Ongen Monique Breteler Stéphanie Debette Anita L Destefano Myriam Fornage Gary F Mitchell Nicholas L Smith Hilma Holm Kari Stefansson Gudmar Thorleifsson Unnur Thorsteinsdottir Nilesh J Samani Michael Preuss Igor Rudan Caroline Hayward Ian J Deary H-Erich Wichmann Olli T Raitakari Walter Palmas Jaspal S Kooner Ronald P Stolk J Wouter Jukema Alan F Wright Dorret I Boomsma Stefania Bandinelli Ulf B Gyllensten James F Wilson Luigi Ferrucci Reinhold Schmidt Martin Farrall Tim D Spector Lyle J Palmer Jaakko Tuomilehto Arne Pfeufer Paolo Gasparini David Siscovick David Altshuler Ruth J F Loos Daniela Toniolo Harold Snieder Christian Gieger Pierre Meneton Nicholas J Wareham Ben A Oostra Andres Metspalu Lenore Launer Rainer Rettig David P Strachan Jacques S Beckmann Jacqueline C M Witteman Jeanette Erdmann Ko Willems van Dijk Eric Boerwinkle Michael Boehnke Paul M Ridker Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin Aravinda Chakravarti Goncalo R Abecasis Vilmundur Gudnason Christopher Newton-Cheh Daniel Levy Patricia B Munroe Bruce M Psaty Mark J Caulfield Dabeeru C Rao Martin D Tobin Paul Elliott Cornelia M van Duijn

Nat Genet 2011 Sep 11;43(10):1005-11. Epub 2011 Sep 11.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Numerous genetic loci have been associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in Europeans. We now report genome-wide association studies of pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). In discovery (N = 74,064) and follow-up studies (N = 48,607), we identified at genome-wide significance (P = 2.7 × 10(-8) to P = 2.3 × 10(-13)) four new PP loci (at 4q12 near CHIC2, 7q22.3 near PIK3CG, 8q24.12 in NOV and 11q24.3 near ADAMTS8), two new MAP loci (3p21.31 in MAP4 and 10q25.3 near ADRB1) and one locus associated with both of these traits (2q24.3 near FIGN) that has also recently been associated with SBP in east Asians. For three of the new PP loci, the estimated effect for SBP was opposite of that for DBP, in contrast to the majority of common SBP- and DBP-associated variants, which show concordant effects on both traits. These findings suggest new genetic pathways underlying blood pressure variation, some of which may differentially influence SBP and DBP.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.922DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3445021PMC
September 2011
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