Stress disorder and PTSD after burn injuries: a prospective study of predictors of PTSD at Sina Burn Center, Iran.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2011 13;7:425-9. Epub 2011 Jul 13.

Neuroscience Research Center, Statistics and Epidemiology Department, School of Health and Nutrition.

Background: A burn injury can be a traumatic experience with tremendous social, physical, and psychological consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and predictors of PTSD Checklist score initially and 3 months after injury in burns victims admitted to the Sina Burn Center in north-west Iran.

Methods: This prospective study examined adult patients aged 16-65 years with unintentional burns. The PTSD Checklist was used to screen for PTSD.

Results: Flame burns constituted 49.4% of all burns. Mean PTSD score was 23.8 ± 14.7 early in the hospitalization period and increased to 24.2 ± 14.3, 3 months after the burn injury. Twenty percent of victims 2 weeks into treatment had a positive PTSD screening test, and this figure increased to 31.5% after 3 months. The likelihood of developing a positive PTSD screening test increased significantly after 3 months (P < 0.01). Using multivariate regression analysis, factors independently predicting PTSD score were found to be age, gender, and percentage of total body surface area burned.

Conclusion: PTSD was a problem in the population studied and should be managed appropriately after hospital admission due to burn injury. Male gender, younger age, and higher total body surface area burned may predict a higher PTSD score after burn injury.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S23041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3157486PMC
November 2011
264 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

burn injury
16
ptsd score
12
ptsd
11
ptsd screening
8
burn center
8
sina burn
8
screening test
8
body surface
8
total body
8
surface area
8
positive ptsd
8
predictors ptsd
8
disorder ptsd
8
stress disorder
8
ptsd checklist
8
burns ptsd
8
prospective study
8
burn
7
injury
5
test figure
4

Similar Publications