Oncology 2011 14;80(1-2):107-17. Epub 2011 Jun 14.
Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Objective: This study compared outcomes between doublet (AP) and triplet (IAP) neoadjuvant chemotherapy for nonmetastatic osteosarcoma of the extremity.
Methods: A total of 124 patients were enrolled. In the AP group, a doublet regimen of intraarterial cisplatin and intravenous doxorubicin was given to 77 patients from 1991 to 1999. In the IAP group, a triplet regimen of additional intravenous ifosfamide was given to 47 patients from 2000 to 2007. After completion of 3 cycles of chemotherapy, patients underwent surgery. We assessed tumor response according to pathologic tumor necrosis, and treated patients with further adjuvant chemotherapy.
Results: The overall pathologic response was excellent with more than 90% tumor necrosis in 74.8% of patients. Total necrosis of tumors was also found in 46 (37.4%) patients. There was no difference between the 2 groups in pathologic response (75.3 vs. 72.3%; p = 0.52) or other clinicopathologic parameters. There was no difference between the 2 groups in recurrence rate (31.2 vs. 31.9%; p = 0.17) or lung metastasis (28.6 vs. 23.4%; p = 0.53). Moreover, there were no statistical differences in median disease-free survival and overall survival between the groups. There was more hematologic toxicity in the IAP group (neutropenia, p = 0.002; thrombocytopenia, p = 0.001; febrile neutropenia, p < 0.001).
Conclusions: The addition of ifosfamide to doxorubicin and cisplatin in neoadjuvant chemotherapy did not show improved outcomes in this study. Further trials are required to elucidate optimal neoadjuvant chemotherapy and effective salvage regimens.