Cancer in pregnant women is a very difficult clinical condition that profoundly affects patients and their families, as well as the medical staff who provide their care. Diagnostic and therapeutic decisions must balance adequate treatment and fetal risk. In developed societies, cancer in pregnant women has become more common during the last 30 years because of an increase in the number of relatively older women who give birth. The most common malignancies in pregnant women are melanoma; lymphoma; leukemia; and breast, cervical, ovarian, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary cancers. Cancer of the head and neck in pregnant patients is very rare. In this article, we describe a rare case of advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharyngeal area in a young pregnant woman, and we discuss the diagnosis and treatment of cancers of the head and neck in pregnant patients.