Oral toxicity of pefloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin: comparison of biomechanical and histopathological effects on Achilles tendon in rats.

J Toxicol Sci 2011 Jun;36(3):339-45

Vatan Cad., EmlakBank Evleri, Al, No:4, Faith 34090, Istanbul, Turkey.

Four fluoroquinolones (pefloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin) were compared according to their biomechanical and histopathological effects on rat Achilles tendon. Wistar rats were divided into one untreated control and four treatment groups in parallel. Pefloxacin mesylate dihydrate (40 mg/kg), norfloxacin (40 mg/kg), ofloxacin (20 mg/kg) and ciprofloxacin (50 mg/kg) were administered by gavage twice daily for three consecutive weeks. 6 weeks after treatment, the test animals were euthanised and Achilles tendon specimens were collected. A computer monitored tensile testing machine was utilised for biomechanical testing. The mean elastic modulus of the control group was significantly higher than that of the norfloxacin and pefloxacin groups (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively). The mean yield force (YF) of the control group was significantly higher than those of ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin and pefloxacin groups (p<0.001, p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively). The mean ultimate tensile force (UTF) of the control group was significantly higher than of the ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and pefloxacin groups (p<0.001, p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively). Hyaline degeneration and fibre disarrangement were observed in the tendons of the ciprofloxacin, pefloxacin, and ofloxacin treated-groups, whereas myxomatous degeneration was observed only in the ciprofloxacin and pefloxacin groups. In conclusion, these findings in our rat model reveal significant deterioration of biomechanical parameters following fluoroquinolone exposure, and indicate significantly higher biomechanical toxicity for ciprofloxacin and pefloxacin.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2131/jts.36.339DOI Listing
June 2011

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