Fitoterapia 2011 Sep 9;82(6):798-804. Epub 2011 May 9.
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand.
The ethanolic extract from stems of a Thai medicinal plant, Alstonia macrophylla Wall. ex G. Don (Apocynaceae) showed a significant inhibitory effect on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) determined by using Ellman assay. Four compounds i.e., a bisindole alkaloid, macralstonine (1), a new bisindole alkaloid, thungfaine (2), a secoiridoid glycoside, sweroside (3) and a new secoiridoid glycoside, naresuanoside (4) were isolated. Compound 4 showed moderate AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory effects. Interestingly, compound 4 inhibited cell growth on human androgen-sensitive prostate cancer cell line (LNCaP) but no effect on viability of human foreskin fibroblast cells (HF).