Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2011 Oct 5;268(10):1493-500. Epub 2011 Feb 5.
Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital-Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Philosophenweg 3, 07740 Jena, Germany.
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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2005 Jul;76(7):1017-8
Department of Neurology, AZ Sint Jan, Brugge, Belgium.
Bell's palsy is an idiopathic facial palsy of the peripheral type. A herpes virus is the most likely mechanism. We report a patient with the often encountered combination of a facial palsy with ipsilateral sensory changes. Read More
Acta Otolaryngol 2008 Nov;128(11):1259-65
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Myongji Hospital, Kwandong University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
Conclusions: Quantitative analysis of the facial nerve on the lesion side as well as the normal side, which allowed for more accurate measurement of facial nerve enhancement in patients with facial palsy, showed statistically significant correlation with the initial severity of facial nerve inflammation, although little prognostic significance was shown.
Objectives: This study investigated the clinical significance of quantitative measurement of facial nerve enhancement in patients with Bell's palsy by analyzing the enhancement pattern and correlating MRI findings with initial severity of facial palsy and clinical outcome.
Subjects And Methods: Facial nerve enhancement was measured quantitatively by using the region of interest on pre- and postcontrast T1-weighted images in 44 patients diagnosed with Bell's palsy. Read More
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 May - Jun;83(3):261-268. Epub 2016 Apr 29.
Gelibolu State Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gelibolu, Turkey.
Introduction: The exact etiology of Bell's palsy still remains obscure. The only authenticated finding is inflammation and edema of the facial nerve leading to entrapment inside the facial canal.
Objective: To identify if there is any relationship between the grade of Bell's palsy and diameter of the facial canal, and also to study any possible anatomic predisposition of facial canal for Bell's palsy including parts which have not been studied before. Read More
Trials 2015 Aug 25;16:378. Epub 2015 Aug 25.
Department of Acupuncture, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, China.
Background: Although many patients with facial paralysis have obtained benefits or completely recovered after acupuncture or electroacupuncture therapy, it is still difficult to list intuitive evidence besides evaluation using neurological function scales and a few electrophysiologic data. Hence, the aim of this study is to use more intuitive and reliable detection techniques such as facial nerve magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nerve electromyography, and F waves to observe changes in the anatomic morphology of facial nerves and nerve conduction before and after applying acupuncture or electroacupuncture, and to verify their effectiveness by combining neurological function scales.
Methods/design: A total of 132 patients with Bell's palsy (grades III and IV in the House-Brackmann [HB] Facial Nerve Grading System) will be randomly divided into electroacupuncture, manual acupuncture, non-acupuncture, and medicine control groups. Read More