Curr Med Res Opin 2011 Mar 13;27(3):593-603. Epub 2011 Jan 13.
Premier Research Group, Austin, Texas 78705, USA.
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of two dose strengths of oxycodone hydrochloride (HCl)/niacin tablets * for the treatment of moderate-to-severe postoperative pain following bunionectomy surgery.
Research Design And Methods: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, US multicenter, repeat-dose study (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT00654069). A total of 606 patients aged ≥18 years with moderate-to-severe pain post-bunionectomy were screened, and 405 patients were randomized to receive placebo, 2 × 5/30 mg oxycodone HCl/niacin tablets, or 2 × 7.5/30 mg oxycodone HCl/niacin tablets administered every 6 hours for 48 hours. Ketorolac tromethamine was available as rescue medication.
Main Outcome Measures: Primary efficacy endpoint was the sum of pain-intensity difference scores during the 48 hours (SPID(48)) following the initial dose of study drug. Secondary efficacy endpoints included a responder analysis and use of rescue medication. Safety evaluations included adverse events (AEs), vital signs, and clinical laboratory assessments.
Results: Both doses of oxycodone HCl/niacin tablets demonstrated superior reductions in pain intensity compared with placebo as evidenced by the SPID(48) (p < 0.0001 for both oxycodone HCl/niacin 2 × 5/30 mg and 2 × 7.5/30 mg). AEs were consistent with the known effects of oxycodone HCl and niacin. Most AEs were mild or moderate in intensity, and no serious AEs occurred. There were no discontinuations due to AEs in the placebo group; 2/135 (1.5%) discontinued due to AEs in the 2 × 5/30 mg group and 4/134 (3.0%) in the 2 × 7.5/30 mg group. A limitation of this study was that there was no active comparator arm.
Conclusions: Oxycodone HCl/niacin tablets (5/30 mg and 7.5/30 mg) provide effective analgesia and are generally well tolerated in patients with moderate-to-severe pain following bunionectomy surgery.