Clin Oral Implants Res 2011 Aug 28;22(8):840-9. Epub 2010 Dec 28.
Department of Oral Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Çapa, Istanbul, Turkey International University for Science and Technology, Damascus, Syria.
Objectives: Chemical modification of the already proven sand-blasted and acid-etched (SLA) implant had increased its surface wettability and consequent early-term osseointegration characteristics. The aim of this clinical trial was to compare the stability changes, success, survival, peri-implant parameters and marginal bone loss (MBL) of the early-loaded standard (SLA) and modified sand-blasted, acid-etched (modSLA) implants.
Material And Methods: A total of 96 SLA and modSLA implants were placed in a bi-lateral, cross-arch position to the jaws of 22 patients. Resonance frequency analysis (RFA) was used to measure the implant stability in the surgery and following healing after 1, 3 and 6 weeks. At the stage of loading, a panoramic X-ray was obtained and RFA measurement was repeated for all implants. Implants were restored by metal-ceramic crowns and followed for 1 year to determine the success, survival rate, peri-implant parameters and MBL. Results were compared by one- and two-way ANOVA, log-rank test and generalized linear mixed models (P < 0.05).
Results: One modSLA implant was lost after 3 weeks following the surgery yielding to a 100 and 97.91% success rate for SLA and modSLA implants, respectively (P = 0.323). At the loading stage, modSLA implants showed significantly lower MBL (0.18 ± 0.05 mm) than SLA implants (0.22 ± 0.06 mm; P = 0.002). In the loading stage, RFA value of the modSLA implants (60.42 ± 6.82) was significantly higher than the both implant types in the surgical stage (55.46 ± 8.29 and 56.68 ± 8.19), and following 1 (56.08 ± 7.01 and 55.60 ± 9.07) and 3 weeks of healing (55.94 ± 5.95 and 55.40 ± 6.50 for SLA and modSLA implants, respectively).
Conclusions: modSLA implants demonstrated a better stability and a reduced MBL at the loading stage. Both SLA and modSLA implants demonstrated a favorable success and survival at the end of 15-month follow-up.